Yellow and Red Card

Yellow and red cards: How they came in football

The yellow and red card is now inextricable parts of a football game. The small, rectangular pieces of paper that is in the pocket of the referee have judged competitions, have earned degrees, careers and are constantly discussed. How those two colored cards came into our lives?

The inspiration belongs to the English Referee Ken Aston.

The Englishman was asked to run a match that was proved as one of the most violent in the history of football: the fight between Chile and Italy in World Cup of 1962 (Known as "The Battle of Santiago"). Ken Aston was forced to whistle the first foul just 12 seconds after the match start and at 12' minute decided to sent away from the match the player Giorgio Ferrini.

Indeed, the player refused to leave the pitch and he finally gone away with help from the police.

The referee was forced to eliminate another one player and Chile finally won with a score of 2-0.

This particular match was a lesson for the referee and he remembered it again 4 years later, at the World Cup in his homeland.

In England's match against Argentina, as chairman of the arbitration committee of FIFA, had lowered himself to the field to assist the referee Rudolf Kreitlein to remove Antonio Ratin, whom he expelled.

Ken Aston
Ken Aston: The inventor of yellow and red cards

The match ended amid protests by the English coach, Alf Ramsey, requesting an explanation from the referee, as it was unclear to both him and the players, and for the viewers exactly what had happened with the players who scolded or miscarried.

Once again, Ken Aston realized the necessity of a system of punishing players for sportsmanship, as it was difficult for referees to sent the players away only with words.

Returning home through Kensington Avenue, his eyes pinned to a set of traffic lights. So, he inspired red and yellow cards.

"While i was driving the light turned red. I thought: "Yellow, calm down. Red, stop, go out" he recalls, thinking that the two cards and color would be a clear code for players who do not speak the same language.

For the first time, the cards were to be used to the referees at the World Cup in 1970 in Mexico and has since supplied with every football match...

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